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IVF Treatment

  • In vitro fertilization (or IVF) is a highly successful assisted reproductive technology. There are four basic steps in an IVF treatment cycle:

    • Ovulation Induction

    A woman begins taking fertility medications to encourage development of eggs within the ovaries. These medications stimulate the follicles to produce more than one egg in a cycle.

    • Egg Retrieval

    Egg retrieval is a minor surgical procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis at 21st Century IVF’s surgery center. It typically takes about 10-15 minutes and requires IV sedation.

    • Fertilization and Embryo Development

    The retrieved eggs are placed in a petri dish with a special solution for 2 to 3 hours. During this time, the male partner provides a semen sample. The sample is delivered to the lab where it undergoes a clarifying process referred to as“washing.” The washed sperm are incubated and placed in the petri dish with the eggs. After 18 hours, the eggs are examined. If fertilization occurs, then two to four of the resulting embryos are selected for transfer back to the female.

    • Embryo Transfer

    Embryo transfer is a simple procedure that does not require anesthesia. The selected embryos are inserted into a thin tube and guided toward the female’s uterus, where it is hoped they will continue their natural fetal development. Transfer typically takes place three days after egg retrieval, or five to six days after retrieval in the case of blastocyst transfer. Rest and recovery are recommended for 24 to 48 hours.